Sun Temple Chhath Puja History

Sun Temple Chhath Puja History, Timings, Procedure, Benefits

The Chhat Puja is usually accustomed to the Sun temple, this ritual is followed to the god of energy.The Chhat Puja is a famous festival celebrated with the dedication to the Sun god. It is a four-day celebration, devotees follow various customs during the Chhat Puja. Devotees especially women (Pavitrins) fast for 36 hours and offer bhog to the Sun god.

FOUR DAY CELEBRATIONS OF Sun Temple Chhath Puja:

Day 1 of Chhath Puja – Nahai Khai (Bath & Eat)  Bath in Holy River Ganges.

Prepare prasad with the holy river water.

Prasad should be cooked or prepared in Soil/ Bronze utensils on mud stove.

Should have only one day meal (kaddu-bhat).

Day 2 of Chhath Puja – Kharna or Lohanda Nirjala vrath (Fast whole day without water)

Prasad involves Rasiao-kheer, fruits, puris or Rotis.

Especially Women fast 36 hrs after this puja.

Day 3 of  Chhath Puja – Chhath

 

Note: Kosi is performed on the 3rd day of Chhath puja.

(Kosi is especially celebrated in those families where child births/marriages are taken place)

Kosi :

·       1 day celebration

·       Earthen lamps are lightened and placed beneath the 5 sugarcane covering denoting solar energy

 

Sanjhiya Arghya ritual is performed on the banks of the river in evening.

Puja offerings (Thekua, coconut, banana and other seasonal fruits) are prepared.

These puja offerings are offered to Sun god by keeping all these offerings in a bamboo tray.

The women (pavitrins) wear turmeric coloured saree and offer Arghya by chanting Gayatri mantra to the evening sun at the river banks.

 

Day 4 of Chhath Puja – Paarun or Bihaniya Arghya Devotees reach river banks prior to sunrise

Offer bhog/prasad to the Sun god during the Sunrise

After puja devotees break their fast using ginger/sugar

REQUIREMENTS OF SUN TEMPLE CHHATH PUJA

« Wheat flour and Sugar

« Coconut and other seasonal fruits like orange, apple, radish, ginger, gagal, & other seasonal fruits like orange, apple, radish, ginger, gagal.

« Betal leaves (paan)

« Khajur(Dates)

« Basket and tray made up of bamboo

« Red or yellow piece of cloth to cover the basket

« Basket and tray made up of bamboo

« Red or yellow piece of cloth to cover the basket

« Akshat (chawal)

« Vermillion (sindoor)

« Turmeric

« Copper pot to offer Jal / Water

«  Flower especially red (Hibiscus or any red colour flower)

« Dhoop sticks

«Deepak, Ghee & Matchsticks

« Coin (Dakshina)

« Camphor (Kapoor)

« Cotton Balls (Batti)

« Idol of Lord Surya

« Idol of Lord Ganesha

« Red Sandal (LaalChandan)

« Vrat Katha Book

« White Flowers

« Wheat (Anaaj)

« Panchamrit

« Chaval(Rice)

« Puja Ki Thal.

« Moli (Red colour Thread)

RULES OF CHHATH PUJA:

  • Once a family or anyone who performs this ritual should perform this every year.
  • The person who performs Chhath Puja should sleep on Floor.
  • Should offer (Bhog) sweets or any food items made without salt, onions and garlic.

TRAVELLING FACILITIES:

BY ROAD :

·       Aurangabad Central Bus Stand (nearest) – 1373.2 Km

·       Taxis and Cars for hire are more convenient

BY TRAIN :·       Baghoi kusa (nearest) –  40 Km
BY AIR :

·       Aurangabad airport  (nearest) – 1,363.9 Km